Have You Spotted The Three Queens Of Fleet Street?

M@
By M@
Have You Spotted The Three Queens Of Fleet Street?

Edinburgh has its Royal Mile, Westminster has The Mall, but the City of London has its own regal parade in the shape of Fleet Street.

This ancient road has been the quickest land route between the commercial centre of the City and the Royal and Parliamentary centre of Westminster since medieval times. Fleet Street was big long before the newspaper industry.

The route is, in fact, lined with royalty, though you often have to keep your eyes peeled to spot their many Highnesses.

The Street of Three Queens

Queen Victoria statue in stone with gold-leaf orb and sceptre. She stands within an artfully carved niche, with symbols of science and progress.
Queen Victoria... not amused by the constant traffic fumes.

The regal procession begins at the Temple Bar memorial, the point near the Royal Courts where Strand becomes Fleet Street. This dragon-topped pedestal marks the original site of Christopher Wren's Temple Bar, a ceremonial gateway between Westminster and the City that was taken down in 1878.

On the side of this memorial stands a statue of Queen Victoria, the last monarch to pass through the old gateway before its demolition. Her lapidarius majesty looks a little grumpy, as though she's not enjoying her demotion to stone gatekeeper. Victoria was carved by Joseph Boehm, whose many other works include the magnificent seated statue of Charles Darwin in the Natural History Museum.

A stone statue of Elizabeth I holding a golden orb and sceptre is housed inside a baroque niche as part of a church facade.
Niche interests... Elizabeth I on St Dunstan-in-the-West church.

Her illustrious predecessor Elizabeth I can be seen a little further down Fleet Street, tucked away in a recess of St Dunstan-in-the-West. She too was once a gatekeeper, standing guard over the ancient Ludgate until it was dismantled in 1760. Dating from 1586, this may well be London's oldest statue (though King Alfred in Southwark might dispute that). Despite almost half a millennium on the job, good Queen Bess looks much happier than Queen Vic.

Mary Queen of Scots statue in stone on a first floor ledge looking very precarious
Mary Queen of Scots on her precarious perch.

Our third queen is perhaps the least noticed. She is Mary Queen of Scots, and she stands at first floor level in a building next to Ye Olde Cheshire Cheese. The tragic queen was carved in 1905 to adorn the premises of a Scottish insurance company. Given Mary's close connections with France (she spent her childhood there, and was briefly Queen Consort), it's fitting that she stands above a branch of Pret a Manger, a British chain pretending to be French.

Yet More Royalty

If we're prepared to climb the hill of Ludgate, then we can easily add a fourth queen to our haul. St Paul's Cathedral's west front is overseen by the likeness of Queen Anne who, like Elizabeth and Victoria, carries the orb and sceptre. She's actually a late Victorian copy of an earlier statue that had become badly weathered. The base is original, though, and designed by Christopher Wren.

The towering west facade of St Pauls. A stone statue of Queen Anne looks diminutive in the foreground.
The replicant Queen Anne, dwarfed by St Paul's.

Hard over to the north stands Wren's Temple Bar, which started life in the same place as this article, at the point where Strand becomes Fleet Street. It's moved around a few times over the years, including a spell in Theobalds Park, Hertfordshire, before settling down as the entrance to a revived Paternoster Square in the Noughties. This commanding structure is itself covered in royalty, including James I, his wife Queen Anne of Denmark, Charles I, and Charles II.

Here's a geeky fact... if you stand in just the right spot in Paternoster Square, you can spy two Queen Anne statues: the one to Queen Anne of Great Britain outside St Paul's, and the Temple Bar statue of Anne of Denmark.

A view through Temple Bar with red circles around the two statues of Queen Annes.
Anne another one... there's an area of just a few square metres from which you can spot two Queen Annes.

We're not quite done with the royalty yet. If we backtrack down the hill to Fleet Street, we can bag at least two more kings. Keeping Elizabeth company in the porch of St Dunstan's is the statue group of King Lud and his sons. Lud is a mythical king, said by some medieval texts to have been a pre-Roman founder of London.

Queen Vic on the Temple Bar memorial is also kept company by a future king. Her son Edward VII, who was Prince of Wales at the time of the monument's erection, stands in statue form on the northern side. He looks much happier than his illustrious mum.

And one final king on Fleet Street that very few people notice. Look down at your feet when entering one of those narrow alleyways to the north and you might just spot this plaque to the King of Rock and Roll.

A plaque showing a headline from The Sun newspaper declaring King Elvis is dead.
Elvis has left the building... and embedded himself in the pavement outside.

So that's 11 kings and queens in the short stretch between St Paul's and the start of Strand. Fleet Street and Ludgate is London's Royal Third-of-a-Mile.

Last Updated 15 October 2021

Continued below.