16 Ships Made Of Concrete, Hiding In The Thames

By M@ Last edited 10 months ago

Last Updated 31 July 2023

16 Ships Made Of Concrete, Hiding In The Thames

The concrete ship sounds like it belongs to the same class of object as the chocolate teapot. i.e. Useless. And yet there's a part of the Thames where you can see 16 of the vessels lying on the foreshore.

Head down to the riverfront at Rainham Marshes and you'll spy what, at first blush, looks like a pod of beached whales.

Satellite view from Google Maps.

These hulking objects are, in fact, the remains of concrete ships from the second world war. To be clear: not ships for transporting concrete, but ships made from concrete.

Dozens were constructed as part of the preparations for D-Day. Their hulls are formed from ferroconcrete — concrete reinforced with iron — a material that was relatively cheap to produce during wartime metal shortages. Despite appearances, they are lighter than the water they displace, and so can float.

The barges were designed to transport fuel to other craft engaged in the Normandy invasion. Unfortunately, they flunked their tests and probably never saw action. The Crete Fleet blog holds a treasury of information about these enigmatic boats, and we thank them for pointing out some errors in an earlier version of this article..

Most of the concrete ships are long lost, but Rainham still harbours 16. These particular hulks were reportedly given a new lease of life in 1953, when they were towed to this location and sunk, to shore up damaged flood barriers. They've sat here in the mud ever since, slowly rotting away as the tides wash over.

According to the RSPB, they now support another invasion: the annual wintering of rock and water pipits, as well as roost sites for other birds.

To see the concrete ships, tackle the five-mile section 24 of the London LOOP between Rainham and Purfleet. The Stone Barges car park is also nearby if you'd rather drive. Alternatively, contact guide Rob Smith who conducts the most fascinating tours along lesser-known parts of the industrial Thames, including here.