Rachel Holdsworth has weighed up the arguments for and against the Garden Bridge and is left unimpressed.
Well, it's been fun. Watching the slow drip of negative information about the Garden Bridge has become something of a spectator sport for some Londoners. But with a construction start date in less than six months, it's time to stop playing and put this thing back in its box.
Let's start with the assumption that we need a pedestrian bridge between Temple and the South Bank. It's not a crazy one: the gap between Waterloo and Blackfriars bridges is about the same as that between Blackfriars and Southwark before the Millennium bridge came along. But if the purpose of a bridge is to quickly move people between two points, this bridge fails. The Garden Bridge Trust estimates it will take 12 minutes to cross — an inordinately long time, and the same amount of time you'd take to get between the two points by taking a detour via Waterloo bridge.
We recently met the Chief Executive of the Garden Bridge Trust who, despite having enthusiasm in spades, couldn't elaborate a transport need for the bridge beyond 'Waterloo bridge isn't nice to walk along' (tell that to Ray Davies) and 'it'll help open up the Strand' (an area notorious for being undervisited). It feels very much like attempting to retrofit a reason onto an idea someone (Joanna Lumley) once had. RIBA, in a document explaining the background to the bridge, says "there is no objective reasoned analysis, evidence or comparative study as to what problem is being solved or function fulfilled pre-dating the design solution".
There are so many problems with the Garden Bridge — why no provision for cyclists? Why isn't it open 24 hours a day? Why can it be closed if the Trust needs to hold a fundraising party? What will be the effect of all these people on the already crowded South Bank and the deliberately peaceful Temple Gardens? How on earth does it take 12 minutes to cross? — but the one that's becoming increasingly serious is what looks like favouritism in the selection of design and designer, and a scandalous misuse of public funds.
We outlined the background to the bridge's procurement a couple of weeks ago. Heatherwick Studio, which had been working with Joanna Lumley on the concept of a garden bridge for some years, won the tender to "help progress ideas for a new footbridge" over two much more experienced firms. Those firms outlined in detail how they would study the parameters and constraints to work out options. According to RIBA, Heatherwick Studio's submission included, rather presumptuously, its design for the Garden Bridge. Late. With cost estimates far in excess of the other bids. Yet the company still came top of TfL's scoring system — a system that nobody quite understands, because documentation has been destroyed.
Boris Johnson met Joanna Lumley and Thomas Heatherwick before the bidding process started. He even went with Heatherwick and Isabel Dedring, the Deputy Mayor for Transport, to Apple in San Francisco in an attempt to secure funds for what was then intended to be an entirely privately funded project, again before the tender process began. The Mayor has responded with bluster and insults to questions about the propriety of these meetings — which is generally what happens when he's on the back foot.
Because of course, the bridge isn't being funded privately. £60m of public money is being invested (£20m of which is now a long-term, very low interest loan). Of the £30m from the Treasury, the National Audit Office says:
George Osborne avoided official channels and Department for Transport oversight to offer Boris Johnson funding for the Garden Bridge, warning [the] project may not have been approved if normal processes had been followed.
This isn't reassuring. In fact, the whole thing stinks. There are various calls — from RIBA, the London Assembly, Kate Hoey MP, to name a few — for the process under which Heatherwick Studio won the bid to be investigated and, at least, recoup taxpayer money that has been given to the project. Frankly, the project should be iced and a more sensible pedestrian and cycling bridge be developed, one more in line with principles of constant public access and swift transportation needs. A scaled-back, elegant crossing would also cost less than the £175m needed for the Garden Bridge; a pedestrian and cycle bridge at Rotherhithe is predicted to cost around £88m, and that one has to open to allow tall ships through.
It's time to let it go.