Chislehurst Caves: 22 Miles Of Manmade Tunnels Where Jimi Hendrix Played Twice

Last Updated 23 April 2024

Chislehurst Caves: 22 Miles Of Manmade Tunnels Where Jimi Hendrix Played Twice
Chislehurst Caves: a sign on a wall reading 'caves entrance'
Chislehurst Caves are open to the public.

"If you look far back into this one, you'll see something glittering on the walls."

The tour guide waves his industrial torch in the vague direction of infinite darkness. "It's not gold, it's left over from when the BBC filmed Doctor Who here."

For anyone playing pop culture bingo, that's the second tick that Chislehurst Caves offers — the first being a reference to the two occasions Jimi Hendrix played in these chalk caverns, 30ft below the streets and homes of Chislehurst. A rickety old bar remains, but no bottles — just chalk dust and cobwebs. It's a testament to the launch party of Led Zeppelin's Swan Song Record Label, which happened down here on Halloween 1974.

Like most of London's subterranean offerings, Chislehurst Caves are entirely manmade. Originally used as flint and chalk mines, there are unsubstantiated rumours they've been around since Roman times (or before) but most people are reluctant to believe this.

Chislehurst Caves: a basic map of the caves layout drawn on a wall
A map inside the caves. There's no proof that Druids, Romans or Saxons ever had anything to do with the caves.

The caves came into their own during both world wars. Ammunition was stored here, below the streets of Chislehurst (an overflow from storage at Woolwich Arsenal) during the first world war. 15,000 took shelter in the caves during the second world war. Swathes of people from London and Kent paid 1p a night to sleep in the what was the biggest bomb shelter in London. The incomprehensible maze housed not only thousands of beds, but had a whole hospital wing and other facilities.

A London Borough of Bromley blue plaque at Chislehurst Caves

So many people packed into the caves when they were used as bomb shelters that the temperatures often reached upwards of 70°F; it's hard to imagine today — even during a stuffy August, you can see your breath in the cold surrounds.

Chislehurst Caves: a history plaque marking the caves as somewhere used as shelter during the second world war
15,000 people used Chislehurst Caves as an air raid shelter during the second world war.

Along with the significant temperature drop, a pungent smell overpowers when you enter the gently-sloping concrete corridor leading down into the caves. It's a world away from the overgrown brambles which climb through the glassless windows, a last link to the outside world before darkness descends.

Lanterns are available to adults. Take one. Even beady-eyed visitors who need no assistance to see will benefit from the warmth a lantern offers as they descend deeper into the subterranean warrens. The walls, whitewashed in some places, naturally coloured in others, are indeed made of a soft chalk — a clandestine poke with a sharp finger nail confirms this. In parts they're heavily dotted with the flint which once made the caves so profitable.

Entrance to Chislehurst Caves ticket office
Chislehurst Caves are open to the public

A 45-minute tour covers just one mile of the 22 available. A vast cavern with a dome, once a chapel, is now off limits to the public thanks to an invasion of tree roots from the world above through the chalky ceiling, causing occasional crumbling. A well has recently been brought back into action. An underground pond lays claim to the predictable haunted story. A shaft in the ceiling leads directly into the garden of an unsuspecting Chislehurst resident.

Brisk though our tour guide is, we wouldn't fancy being down here alone, despite reassurances that no-one ever died in the bomb shelter (one baby was born though). The winding corridors, echoing chambers and rough ground all begin to look the same within a few minutes, and beyond the electric-lit tour route, you can't see a thing. Just as the cold becomes almost unbearable, we return to the old entrance hall and ticket office, where those wartime residents paid their entry fees.

A board with rules written on it, including 'Pitches must be kept clean' and 'No furniture admitted'
Rules to be obeyed by those who used Chislehurst Caves as an air raid shelter. Not all that different from a modern campsite

Emerging through the double doors and blinking in the daylight, the relative heat is welcome. The chilly air and stuffy smell we've adjusted to are quickly forgotten as we brush the chalk dust off our jacket and return to the 21st century and fresh air.

The ticket office where the tour begins and ends houses a small gift shop and a cafe. It's reminiscent of an old fashioned railway station waiting room with tall ceilings, wooden benches and historic photographs of the local area adorning the walls.

A mannequin with hand raised to his mouth in a shouting position
Look out for these entirely realistic and not-at-all-alarming models throughout the caves.

If you're looking for somewhere to rival the stalagmites of Wookey Hole or Cheddar Gorge, you may be disappointed with the manmade Chislehurst Caves (Painshill Park in Surrey has a crystal grotto which may be more up your street). Very young Londoners or those who are easily scared probably won't enjoy a trip to the caves. For anyone else, it's great value for money and an unexpected insight into the local history of this corner of London.

Chislehurst Caves, Caveside Close, Old Hill, Chislehurst, BR7 5NL. Entry is £8 adult/£6 child. Check website for opening hours and tour times.

All photos by Londonist, taken on our visit to Chislehurst Caves in 2015.