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18 September 2012 | Art & Photography | By: Tabish Khan

Art Review: Pre-Raphaelites @ Tate Britain

Art Review: Pre-Raphaelites @ Tate Britain
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Astarte Syriaca 1877. Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Astarte Syriaca 1877 Copyright Manchester City Galleries
Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Astarte Syriaca 1877. Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Astarte Syriaca 1877 Copyright Manchester City Galleries
Dante Gabriel Rossetti Lady Lilith 1866–8. Dante Gabriel Rossetti Lady Lilith 1866-1868 Delaware Art Museum, Samuel and Mary R. Bancroft Memorial, 1935
Dante Gabriel Rossetti Lady Lilith 1866–8. Dante Gabriel Rossetti Lady Lilith 1866-1868 Delaware Art Museum, Samuel and Mary R. Bancroft Memorial, 1935
Ford Madox Brown, The Pretty Baa-Lambs 1851-9. Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery, purchased 1956
Ford Madox Brown, The Pretty Baa-Lambs 1851-9. Birmingham Museums and Art Gallery, purchased 1956
William Holman Hunt, Isabella and the Pot of Basil 1866-8, retouched 1886. Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne
William Holman Hunt, Isabella and the Pot of Basil 1866-8, retouched 1886. Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle upon Tyne
John Everett Millais, Autumn Leaves 1855-6. Manchester City Galleries
John Everett Millais, Autumn Leaves 1855-6. Manchester City Galleries
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The Pre-Raphaelites are artists forever associated with Victorian England. Rather than an art movement, these were a small group of artists who chose to break with painterly traditions and decided that art had lost its way and should revert to an age before Raphael — a bold decision.

In line with this philosophy, much of their early work bears similarities to that of the early Renaissance. Despite their dismissal of Raphael, Ford Madox Brown's 'Seeds and fruits of English poetry' clearly takes inspiration in arrangement, if not in style, from the 'School of Athens'.

Though these artists were united by their anti-establishment sentiment, they all experimented with different techniques — from Rossetti finding beauty in a masculine female form to Holman Hunt's surreal and often nightmarish paintings.

Because of this variation in styles, the Tate's decision to group the paintings by theme, such as history and nature, seems an odd one. By displaying all the Pre-Raphaelites together, the exhibition can be quite jarring to follow and it makes it difficult to chart each member's individual artistic progress.

Yet there are many notable works present in this exhibition including Holman Hunt's spectral 'Triumph of the Innocents' and a room dedicated to the textile output of William Morris' company. The highlight, though, has to be John Everett Millais' Ophelia, which beautifully captures the macabre scene of her drowning in a style that feels like an early Renoir yet predates it by several decades.

Sandwiched in time between the Romantics and Impressionists, the Pre-Raphaelites were, until recently, often overlooked, but their attitude of dismissing existing rules and openly experimenting produced some brilliant results.

Pre-Raphaelites: Victorian Avant-Garde is on at Tate Britain until 13 January. Admission is £14, concessions available.

Tabish Khan

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Gill Balfour

Can't wait to see it!!

Katy

I went on Saturday & it's wonderful, but just like the V&A's 'Cult Of Beauty' exhibition last year, incredibly dimly lit. The rest of the gallery is lit normally, it's annoying to pay £14 and find yourself peering through the stygian gloom at everything.

Anna

I went last Friday. The exhibition is awesome. Breathtaking to see so many outstanding works of art in one exhibition, in particular the many pieces by Holman Hunt. I have to admit I shed a tear when looking at Scapegoat (my fav painting). As a Tate member I anticipate going many times.